Anemia is a lower than normal number of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the blood, usually measured by a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the red pigment in red blood cells that transports oxygen.
Although there are many different forms of anemia, the most common are: iron-deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 anemia and folic acid deficiency. Anemias can also be caused by such conditions as external bleeding, chronic disease, pregnancy, alcoholism, bleeding disorders, infection and hereditary conditions.
Vitamin B12 deficiency.
Folic Acid deficiency.
Vitamin C deficiency.
Anaemia due to haemorrhage/blood loss-Piles, Hookworm,
Peptic ulcer etc.
Haemolytic Anaemia-from drugs, toxins, mismatched blood transfusion etc.
Hypoplastic or Aplastic Anaemia.
Uncertain Origin-as in chronic nephritis, uraemia,rheumataoid arthritis etc.
Signs and Symptoms of Anemia
The symptoms of iron deficiency anemia (if any) are:
Chest pains (in severe cases)
Shortness of breath (in severe cases)
Heart palpitations (in severe cases)
An increased heart rate especially during exertion (in severe cases)
Low blood pressure
Oedema of ankles
Diet rich in Protien,iron and Vit. C